Forest Conservation

Free Forest Management Plans/Timber Harvest Assistance

Timber Harvest Assistance

In order to properly care for the trees on your property, it is important to develop a plan for achieving your objectives, whether your goal is wood production, wildlife habitat, recreation, or a combination of all of these. The Delaware Forest Service can help you develop a customized management plan for your woodlot that will outline the activities needed to reach your goals. In addition to a plan, staff can conduct a forest inventory (a summary of the timber volumes by tree species), supervise reforestation and timber stand improvement projects, and help you with timber sales by providing sample timber sale contracts and lists of potential timber buyers. While our staff cannot perform timber appraisals, we do maintain a list of consultant foresters who can appraise your timber.

Delaware's Forestry Practices Erosion and Sediment Control (E&S) Law and Seed Tree Law Notification Form and Permit

Email: Sam Topper

Cost-Share Programs

The Delaware Forest Service, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), offers a limited amount of cost shares to private landowners for such activities as tree planting and timber stand improvement. These cost share programs include the Forest Land Enhancement Program (FLEP), the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP), and the State of Delaware Forestry Cost Share Program. Forest Service personnel work with interested landowners and the USDA to ensure the funds are properly spent.

CostShare Application

Email: Sam Topper

Reforestation/Low-Cost Seedling Program

The Delaware Forest Service offers a variety of tree seedlings each spring through a cooperative effort with the Maryland Forest Service nursery in Preston. Landowners order seedlings in the fall and early winter for delivery in mid-March to mid-April, depending upon weather conditions. For more information on the tree species available, visit the nursery's website at: (Order Trees)

Email: Sam Topper

Property Tax Exemptions (Commercial Forest Plantation Act)

The Commercial Forest Plantation Act (Title 3, Chapter26) was established to give landowners a property tax exemption for forests that are managed for timber production. In order to qualify for this thirty (30) year exemption, landowners must have at least 10 contiguous forested acres and follow a forest management plan approved by the Delaware Forest Service.

Download/View Application (pdf)

Email: Sam Topper

Urban and Community Forestry Program

The trees in our cities and communities are a vital component of our forests as they provide a wide array of benefits including cleaner air and water, wildlife habitat, temperature moderation, and aesthetics. The Delaware Forest Service's Urban and Community Forestry Program provides technical assistance to cities, towns, developers, and homeowners to help manage and improve this important forest resource.

Need help caring for trees?

The Delaware Forest Service has two full-time foresters who assist cities, towns, and communities with the management and care of their urban forestry resources. These foresters can help your community develop a management plan for its publicly owned forests (such as city or county parks, street trees, etc.) as well as conduct an inventory of, and a maintenance schedule for, these trees. Our staff also works with developers, planners, and engineers to help educate these individuals on methods to preserve trees during the development process. We also maintain a list of certified arborists who are available for tree pruning and other tree care services.

Your trees are a valued resource; don't trust their care to just anybody. Hire an International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) certified arborist. An ISA-certified arborist is specially trained to care for individual trees. Tree work should only be done by those properly insured, trained, and equipped to work safely in trees.

Find an ISA-certified arborist

Through a federal grant, the Delaware Forest Service also offers approximately $100,000 each year to communities throughout the state for tree planting, tree care, and tree management projects on publicly owned lands. The local community must match these grants with either non-federal funds or in-kind services (volunteer time, staff time, etc.). Grant applications are mailed in April and the grants are awarded in mid-summer. Please read the following for grant information and workshop dates:

2010 Grant Cover Letter

Tree Management Grant

Tree Planting Grant

The Delaware Forest Service maintains a list of Delaware's biggest trees, as well as a list of trees that grow well inDelaware.

Email: Kyle Hoyd

Wood Utilization and Marketing

The Delaware Forest Service staff works to ensure that trees harvested from our forests are fully utilized from valuable saw timber to milling by products, such as bark and sawdust. We work with the forest industry and the U.S. Forest Service to explore new opportunities for wood products, including using wood for energy production. As an example, the Delaware Forest Service is studying the potential for raising fast-growing hardwood species for energy production.

Additionally, we maintain a list of primary (sawmills, loggers, etc.) and secondary wood processors (furniture makers, pallet manufacturers, etc.) for distribution to landowners and other interested parties. Please contact your local Delaware Forest Service office for a copy, or:

Download/View the 2009 Wood Directory

2009 Wood Directory Cover

Email: Sam Topper

Forest Legacy Program

The Forest Legacy Program (FLP) is funded through the U.S. Forest Service's State and Private Forestry (S&PF) budget. It provides funds to states to protect working forestlands that are threatened by development or other land uses, either through outright (fee simple) purchase or conservation easements. A conservation easement allows the landowner to continue to own the forest; however, the easement prohibits non-forest uses such as development. Landowners who chose to sell an easement must also have a forest stewardship plan for their property that describes the activities needed to help achieve their objectives for the property; the Delaware Forest Service can write this plan with the landowner. The intent of FLP is to ensure forestlands continue to yield the forest products we use everyday, such as timber, wildlife habitat, and water quality protection. Landowner participation in FLP is completely voluntary.

States may only use Forest Legacy funds in areas designated in their Assessment of Need (AON) – the AON describes the state's forests, the threats to the forests, and those areas within the state that contain the most important forests, which are called the Forest Legacy Areas. Once the Secretary of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) approves the AON, the state is eligible to receive Legacy funds to purchase land and easements within the designated Forest Legacy areas.

Delaware's AON was approved in December 1998, and there are four Legacy areas in Delaware – White Clay Creek, Blackbird/Blackiston, Redden/Ellendale, and Cypress Swamp (see maps below). These areas contain the highest concentrations of forests in Delaware, including significant acreage already protected through public and private ownership.

If you own forestland within any of Delaware's Forest Legacy areas and are interested in protecting your forest, please contact the Delaware Forest Service for more information.

To learn more about the Forest Legacy program, visit:

Email: Kyle Hoyd

Forest Legacy Areas

Forestland Preservation Program

Delaware's Forestland Preservation Program protects forestlands through perpetual conservation easements. A conservation easement is a permanent deed restriction whereby the landowner still owns the property but certain activities, such as development, are prohibited. The owner can sell the property, but all future owners must also follow the same restrictions. This program is designed to protect working forests; therefore, the easements allow forest management activities, including timber harvests, to continue. Landowners can harvest timber at any time on their property as long as they follow a forest management plan prepared by a professional forester. The program also does not affect hunting activities on the property.

For more information on Delaware's Forestland Preservation Program, please visit the following links:
Forestland Preservation Program Guidelines
Forestland Preservation Area Application
Forestland Preservation Area Agreement
Forestland Preservation Area Acknowledgement
Forestland Preservation Easement Application
Forestland Preservation Easement Agreement